Make your own free website on

S-2.jpg (86382 bytes)

                                Frontispiece from Svaneti, Human Nature Preserve

Arthorse.jpg (97494 bytes)

     Lithograph of the North Caucasus countryside from Russian Empire Geography, 1914.

Bull.jpg (87374 bytes)

                        Body of ram and horns symbolizing old cult, overlay Christian icon.

Gorarmgr.jpg (141861 bytes)

        From Russian Empire Geography, 1914.

Kidoban.jpg (89387 bytes)

        Stone cornice-piece exemplifies veneration of rams and horns in Svaneti.


Kross.jpg (99619 bytes)

        Sketch of church interior in Upper Svanetia, wooden cross buttressed by horns.